World Seaborne Trade
• More than 90 per cent of global trade is carried by sea.
• 2013 – total volume of seaborne trade grew at a rate of 3.8% and totaled nearly 9.6 billion tons.
• Dry cargo (dry commodities carried in bulk, general cargo, breakbulk and containerized trade) was 70.2%.
• Tanker trade (crude oil, petroleum product and gas) was 29.8%.
• World seaborne trade measured in ton–miles increased by 3.6% to 50,000 billion ton–miles.
UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport 2014
World Commercial Fleet Size
• World fleet totaled 1.69 billion dwt. in January 2014. *
• Bulk carriers (42.9%) of the total tonnage. Oil tankers (28.5%) Container ships (12.8%).
• World fleet numbers (depends on source & calculation method) – cargo-carrying vessels are between 55,000-60,000, all vessels excluding those listed below is between 80,000-90,000 and the IMO gives numbers over 100,000 (including fishing vessels)
(*above 100GT, excluding inland waterway vessels, fishing vessels, military vessels, yachts and offshore fixed and mobile platforms and barges (with the exception of floating production storage and offloading units and drill ships)
World Fishing Fleet Size
• Total number of fishing vessels is estimated by FAO at 4.72 million in 2012. Asia (68%), Africa (16%).
• 3.2 million vessels were considered to operate in marine waters.
• 57%of fishing vessels were engine-powered.
• 70% of marine-operating vessels were engine-powered (regional variations)
• 79% of the motorized fishing vessels were less than 12m length overall (LOA).
• Industrialized fishing vessels of 24m and larger operating in marine waters was about 64,000.